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This plan of the colony of Connecticut in North-America. They had immigrated to New England during the Great Migration. They held Calvinist religious beliefs similar to the English Puritans, but they maintained that their congregations needed to be separated from the English state church. Connecticut. [from old catalog], Connecticut -- History Colonial period, ca. In 1636, the English arrived when a large group of Puritans from Massachusetts led by Thomas Hooker founded the Colony of Connecticut at the city of Hartford. While many of the citizens are Puritan, we accept those with all beliefs! The first English settlers moved inland from the Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, founding the towns of Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), and Hartford (1636). It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation. Login to Parents and Teachers: While MrNussbaum.com and its 10,000+ activities are always free, if you wish to subscribe to MrN 365, enter the coupon code "winterbreak" to receive 60 (YES 60!) The fertile Connecticut River Valley lent itself to farming crops such as corn and wheat. In the middle of the 17th century, the government restricted voting rights with a property qualification an… For example, one does not have to be a … The colony began with one hundred settlers, one hundred and sixty livestock which included pigs goats and cows. Here in Connecticut, we believe that every religion is important! A small number of Jewish, Mormon, and Muslim people reside in Connecticut as well, along with other religious groups. By the 1770s, the town was 100 years old. However, the valley was rocky, which meant families exerted great energy to dig rocks and clear land for farming. Connecticut Colony had four distinct classes: the gentry, the middle class, the indentured servants, and the slaves. Connecticut Colonial & Early State Records Links Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636-1776. The gentry were the elite with the most powers and the slaves were on the bottom rung of society.1 Religion played a monumental role in the social structure of the colony.Puritanism was the dominant religion in Connecticut Colony. Colonial Connecticut family life was shaped significantly by the area's geography. Connecticut was founded by Puritans who made the Congregational Church the established church in the colony. The Puritans had their own religion and did not like the new learning religion. In May of 1636, he led 100 settlers to Hartford, Connecticut. Wills -- Connecticut. First of all, religion does not play a large part in government. Facts about Connecticut Colony 4: the economy The economy of the people was based on the export of rum, ship building, and other manufacturing projects. During Connecticut’s history, residents did not believe in religious tolerance as only people who belonged to the Puritan faith were welcome in the colony. The people of Connecticut are strictly Puritan. The architectural elements used in the Connecticut colonial region: New England Food Indians used nuts (walnuts, chestnuts, and acorns) that were boiled and mashed, and berries (strawberries, gooseberries, and huckleberries) eaten raw or mixed in a meal. Connecticut - Connecticut - Cultural life: Connecticut provides a variety of landscapes: rocky headlands, beaches, forested hills, and, perhaps most attractive, small towns around tree-dotted village greens. The colony was founded by Puritan colonists who believed the Massachusetts Bay Colony was too strict and oppressive in its religious beliefs, as well as over crowded. Many American Indian groups were friendly toward the colonists, with the exception of the Pequots. Coming Soon. The original colonies along the Connecticut River and in New Haven were established by separatist Puritans who were connected with the Massachusetts and Plymouth colonies. Like their Puritan forebears, Congregationalists believed that governments existed for the benefit of the people, and that governors needed to rule according the will of God. Other religious groups were often persecuted. Tax revenues supported the local ministers, and colonists who failed to attend Sunday services were subject to fines. Connecticut was founded for religious and political freedom after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay. Minister Thomas Hooker led his congregation to Connecticut due to political and religious differences with the leaders of Massachusetts Bay. This interactive section allows students to click on the 13 colonies map to learn about the histories of individual colonies. 1. Connecticut was one of the 13 original American colonies and established self-governance in 1637. Kitchin. Connecticut - Connecticut - Economy: With limited natural resources, a well-educated and innovative citizenry has enabled Connecticut to reach high levels of productivity. They came looking for freedom of religion. The majority of the population remained Congregationalist. In the towns, hundreds of houses dating from the 17th and 18th centuries are preserved by more than 100 local or national historical societies. About what document is the first instance of self-government in the English colonies? However, the US Constitution ensures that the religious freedom of every citizen is respected ensuring that residents from different faiths can live in the state. It doesn't matter which religion you are, whether you are Anglican, Puritan, Catholic, Baptist or anything else, you'll be able to find somewhere to practice your beliefs in Connecticut! Learn connecticut colony with free interactive flashcards. 1758. s1000. Colonial Connecticut By Bradley Kaufman State Flag State Motto He who is transplanted still sustains Bodies Of Water Connecticut River Native Americans Living In the Area The Mahican Tribe 90% of the Quiripi population died from European disease. As with the two other Puritan colonies, Massachusetts and Plymouth, the clergy was a respected career. why did puritans begin to settle in new england in the early 1600s? There are also large groups of Roman Catholics and non-religious residents. The Connecticut Colony was an English colony in British America.The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, was formed in what would become the US state of Connecticut.It was first called the River Colony and was organized on March 3, 1636. mayflower compact. Most New Englanders went to a Congregationalist meetinghouse for church services. Religion in Connecticut The majority of Connecticut is Christian, with the largest group Protestants. Therefore, there was no religion freedom in this colony. Learn more about the Public Records of Connecticut, and read about the ongoing effort to publish Connecticut's historical records. Life in 1770s Connecticut. People sat on hard wooden benches for most of the day, which was how long the church services usually lasted. In 1639 they adopted a constitution called the "Fundamental Orders." They developed the belief of Christianity. Background. Most jobs in colonial Connecticut were unskilled or low-skill labor like sailors, farm hands, dock laborers and servants. The Province of Connecticut was an English colony founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker; it was a charter/New England colony. Trading posts were also created, which brought a lot of attention. They tried to spread their religion, but the groups of Puritans did not believe them. By 1637, trouble began between the settlers and the Pequot Indians. The town had blacksmiths, schoolmasters, doctors, weavers, shoemakers, a minister, farmers, cabinetmakers, millers, servants and merchants. The meetinghouse, which served secular functions as well as religious, was a small wood building located in the center of town. These meeting houses became bigger and much less crude as the population grew after the 1660s. Also includes Record of Wills and Inventories, 1640-1649. Until 1708, the Congregational Church was the only legal religion in Connecticut. To the right honourable, the Earl of Shelbourne, His Majesty's principal Secretary of State for the Southern Department. Connecticut was established in 1636 by Reverent Thomas Hooker. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. . The Mahicans were an Eastern Trades like shipbuilding and farming were in high demand, as were carpentry and lumber milling. to practice their religion without persecution. The colony of Connecticut was one of the first colonies to have a constitution "the fundamental orders". After converting the southern colonies, the English monarchy established the Dominion of New England in 1686, merging the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island, together into one large royal colony. Other religions may have made inroads in 18th-century Connecticut, but Puritanism, now known as Congregationalism, remained the faith of the ruling elite, and the Congregational Church remained the established church of the colony. They were Puritans from the … Which led to the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which was one of the first democratic constitutions that established a representative government. ... economy and religion of each colony has affected each of the colonies. 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